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J. Vet. Sci. 2017; 18(2): 209-216  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2017.18.2.209
Efficacy evaluation of commercial disinfectants by using Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium as a test organism
Yangho Jang1, Kwangjick Lee1, Seonjong Yun1, Myoungheon Lee1, Jaeyoung Song1, Byungjoon Chang2, Nong-hoon Choe2,*
1Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Korea
2College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
Correspondence to: Nong-hoon Choe Tel: +82-2-450-3709; Fax: +82-2-454-3709; E-mail: nojamaji@hanmail.net
Received: December 3, 2015; Revised: May 26, 2016; Accepted: August 26, 2016; Published online: June 30, 2017.
Abstract
The efficacies of six commercial disinfectants were evaluated by using Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium under simulated natural conditions such as sub-zero temperature, short disinfecting time, and surface type (uneven or smooth). We used a suspensionmodel test to determine the disinfecting efficacy under varying contact times (1, 5, 10, and 30 min) and temperatures (25°C, 4°C, 0°C, and -10°C). The bactericidal effect according to surface structure was measured by using a carriermodel test at 25°C and -10°C. The effective concentrations of each disinfectant were fixed to give a disinfecting effect within a short time (< 1 min) at 25°C and -10°C. The suspension model results revealed that bactericidal efficacy significantly dropped at low temperature for most of the disinfectants used; a sodium dichloroisocyanurate product showed the strongest efficacy. In the carrier test, bacterial load on a wooden surface was more difficult to remove than that on a stainless-steel surface. The results show that commercial disinfectant products vary in their disinfecting efficacy, which is affected by several field factors including temperature, contact time, and carrier material. Environmental conditions and surface type for disinfection should be considered prior to selecting an optimal disinfectant in the field.
Keywords: Salmonella, carrier-model test, disinfectant, surface structure, suspension-model test


© 2017 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.