• home
  • articles
  • authors
  • Reviewers
  • About the Journal
  • About the Journal
  • About the Journal
  • About the Journal
  • e-Submission

Indexed/Covered by

J Vet Sci 2017; 18(4): 521-530  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2017.18.4.521
Comparative kinematic gait analysis in young and old Beagle dogs
Malin Lorke1, Maray Willen1, Karin Lucas1, Martin Beyerbach2, Patrick Wefstaedt1, Hugo Murua Escobar1,3, Ingo Nolte1,*
1Small Animal Clinic, and 2Institute for Biometry, Epidemiology and Information Processing, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, D-30559 Hannover, Germany
3Division of Medicine Clinic III, Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Medicine, University of Rostock, D-18057 Rostock, Germany
Correspondence to: Ingo Nolte
Tel: +49-511-953-6202; Fax: +49-511-953-6204; E-mail: Ingo.Nolte@tiho-hannover.de
Received: June 1, 2016; Revised: December 1, 2016; Accepted: January 2, 2017; Published online: December 31, 2017.
Abstract
Age-related involution in dogs involves loss of muscle mass and changes in connective tissue and articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to examine whether an age-related influence on joint mobility can be detected in the absence of disease. Five young (mean age 2.0 years) and five old (mean age 10.4 years) healthy and sound Beagle dogs underwent computer-assisted gait analysis during locomotion on a treadmill. Shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle, and tarsal joint angles including joint angle progression curves, minimum and maximum joint angles, and range of motion (ROM) in degrees were analyzed. The old group had a smaller maximum joint angle (p = 0.037) and ROM (p = 0.037) of the carpal joint; there were similar tendencies in the shoulder, elbow, and carpal joints. Descriptive analysis of the progression curves revealed less flexion and extension of the forelimb joints. The results indicate restricted joint mobility of the forelimb in old dogs, primarily of the carpal joint. Results in the joints of the hindlimb were inconsistent, and the contrasting alterations may be due to a compensatory mechanism. As most alterations were found in the distal joints, these should receive particular attention when examining elderly dogs.
Keywords: canine, geriatrics, joints, locomotion, range of motion


© 2017 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.