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Evidence of two genetically different lymphotropic herpesvirus present among red deer (Cervus elaphus), sambar (Rusa unicolor) and milu (Elaphurus davidianus) herds in China
Hongwei Zhu1, Huitao Liu2, Xin Yu1, Jianlong Zhang1, Linlin Jiang1, Guozhong Chen1, Zhibin Feng1, Youzhi Li3, Tao Feng3, Xingxiao Zhang1,*
1School of Life Sciences, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China
2Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130112, China
3Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality Safety Monitoring and Risk Assessment for Animal Products, Jinan 250022, China
Correspondence to: Tel: +86-535-6654527; Fax: +86-535-6672269; E-mail: zhangxingxiao@ldu.edu.cn
Received: March 20, 2018; Revised: June 21, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018; Published online: July 20, 2018.
Abstract
Herpesvirus infections in Cervidae is a serious threat affecting some deer species worldwide. In our attempt to identify malignant catarrhal fever associated herpesviruses in deer herds, ten gammaherpesviral DNA fragments were identified in five species of deer herds in China by using a pan-herpesvirus PCR assay targeting viral DNA polymerase (DPOL). Notably, a novel gamma-2 herpesvirus in sambar (Rusa unicolor) was identified, which shows close relationship with Fallow deer-LHV, while the others are phylogenetically grouped together with Elk-LHV. It is urgent to determine whether these viruses have any clinical implication in these deer species.
Keywords: Deer species, Gammaherpesvirus, Sambar herpesvirus 1, Phylogenetic analysis


© 2018 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.