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Quantitative assessment of both systolic and diastolic right ventricular morphology and function by conventional echocardiography and speckle tracking imaging in dogs: a prospective study in 104 healthy dogs
Valérie Chetboul1,2,*, Cécile Damoiseaux1, Hervé P. Lefebvre3, Didier Concordet4, Loic Desquilbet5, Vassiliki Gouni1,2, Camille Poissonnier1, Jean-Louis Pouchelon1,2, Renaud Tissier2,6
1Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Unité de Cardiologie d’Alfort, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire d’Alfort (CHUVA), 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort cedex, France
2INSERM, U955, Equipe 03, 51 avenue du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 94010 Créteil cedex, France
3Unité de Recherche Clinique, Université de Toulouse, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, F-31076 Toulouse Cedex 03, France
4TOXALIM, Université de Toulouse, INRA, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, F-31076 Toulouse Cedex 03, France
5Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Unité d’épidémiologie Clinique et Biostatistiques, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort cedex, France
6Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Unité de Pharmacie-Toxicologie, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort cedex, France
Correspondence to: Tel: +33-6-12-11-43-87; E-mail: valerie.chetboul@vet-alfort.fr
Received: April 30, 2018; Revised: June 16, 2018; Accepted: June 25, 2018; Published online: July 20, 2018.
Abstract
Our aim was (1) to determine the within-day and between-day variability of several indices of systolic and diastolic right ventricular (RV) function using conventional echocardiography and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) (Study 1), (2) to quantify these variables in a large healthy canine population (n=104) with Doppler-derived estimated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP) and left ventricular (LV) function, and (3) to establish the corresponding reference intervals (Study 2). For both studies, RV variables included tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), fractional area change (RFAC), STE longitudinal systolic strain (StS) of the RV free wall (RVFW) and of the entire RV (i.e., global RV StS), STE longitudinal systolic RVFW strain rate (SRS) and the diastolic early:late SR ratio. All within- and between-day coefficients of variation, except one, (13/14) were <15%, the lowest being observed for TAPSE (3.6-9.8%), global RV (3.8-9.9%) and RVFW StS (3.7-7.3%). SPAP was weakly and negatively correlated with the TAPSE:body weight ratio (rs=-0.26, P=0.01) and RVFW SRS (rs=-0.23, p<0.05). Reference intervals (lower and upper limits with 90% confidence intervals) were provided for all variables. STE provides a non-invasive evaluation of RV function that may be used for clinical investigations in canine cardiology.
Keywords: canine, cardiac, heart, reference intervals, right myocardium.


© 2018 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.