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J Vet Sci 2018; 19(5): 716-720  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.5.716
Evidence of two genetically different lymphotropic herpesviruses present among red deer, sambar, and milu herds in China
Hongwei Zhu1, Huitao Liu2, Xin Yu1, Jianlong Zhang1, Linlin Jiang1, Guozhong Chen1, Zhibin Feng1, Youzhi Li3, Tao Feng3, Xingxiao Zhang1,*
1School of Life Sciences, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China
2Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130112, China
3Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality Safety Monitoring and Risk Assessment for Animal Products, Jinan 250022, China
Correspondence to: Tel: +86-535-6654527; Fax: +86-535-6672269; E-mail: zhangxingxiao@ldu.edu.cn
Received: March 20, 2018; Revised: June 21, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018; Published online: September 30, 2018.
Abstract
Herpesvirus infections in Cervidae are a serious threat affecting some deer species worldwide. In our attempt to identify malignant catarrhal fever-associated herpesviruses in deer herds, ten gammaherpesviral DNA fragments were identified in five species of deer in herds in China by using a pan-herpesvirus polymerase chain reaction assay targeting viral DNA polymerase. Notably, in sambar (Rusa unicolor), a novel gamma-2 herpesvirus was identified that showed a close relationship with fallow deer lymphotropic herpesvirus (LHV), while the other fragments were phylogenetically grouped together with Elk-LHV. Determination of whether these viruses have any clinical implication in these deer species should be undertaken urgently.
Keywords: deer species, gammaherpesvirus, phylogenetic analysis, sambar herpesvirus 1


© 2018 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.

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