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J Vet Sci 2018; 19(5): 721-724  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.5.721
Detection and genetic characterization of porcine circovirus 3 from aborted fetuses and pigs with respiratory disease in Korea
Seong-Hee Kim1, Ji-Young Park1,2, Ji-Youl Jung1,†, Ha-Young Kim1, Yu-Ri Park1,2, Kyoung-Ki Lee1, Young S. Lyoo3, Sang-Geon Yeo2, Choi-Kyu Park2,*
1Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Korea
2College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Disease Intervention Center, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
3College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
Correspondence to: Tel: +82-2-53-950-5973; Fax: +82-53-950-5973; E-mail: parkck@knu.ac.kr
Received: May 25, 2018; Revised: July 2, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018; Published online: September 30, 2018.
A novel porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) was first detected in pigs showing porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome, reproductive failure, and multisystemic inflammation in the USA. Herein, we report on PCV3 as a potential etiological agent of clinical signs, reproductive failure and respiratory distress on Korean pig farms, based on in situ hybridization, pathological, and molecular findings. Confirmation of the presence of PCV3 may increase co-infection with other causative agents of disease in Korean pig herds, indicating the need for further systemic investigation of pathogenicity and of multiple infections with PCV2 genotypes and bacteria, and the development of an effective PCV3 vaccine.
Keywords: Korea, porcine circovirus 3, reproductive failure and respiratory distress

© 2018 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.