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J. Vet. Sci. 2019; 20(1): 10-15  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2019.20.1.10
Characterization of the distinct mechanism of agonist-induced canine platelet activation
Preeti K. Chaudhary, Soochong Kim*
Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
Correspondence to: *Tel: +82-43-249-1846; Fax: +82-43-267-3150; E-mail: skim0026@cbu.ac.kr
Received: October 1, 2018; Revised: November 21, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018; Published online: January 31, 2019.
Abstract
Platelet activation has a major role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Various agonists including adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and thrombin interact with G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) which transduce signals through various G proteins. Recent studies have elucidated the role of GPCRs and their corresponding G proteins in the regulation of events involved in platelet activation. However, agonist-induced platelet activation in companion animals has not been elucidated. This study was designed to characterize the platelet response to various agonists in dog platelets. We found that 2-methylthio-ADP-induced dog platelet aggregation was blocked in the presence of either P2Y1 receptor antagonist MRS2179 or P2Y12 receptor antagonist AR-C69931MX, suggesting that co-activation of both the P2Y1 and P2Y12 receptors is required for ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Thrombin-induced dog platelet aggregation was inhibited in the presence of either AR-C69931MX or the PKC inhibitor GF109203X, suggesting that thrombin requires secreted ADP to induce platelet aggregation in dog platelets. In addition, thrombin-mediated Akt phosphorylation was inhibited in the presence of GF109203X or AR-C69931MX, indicating that thrombin causes Gi stimulation through the P2Y12 receptor by secreted ADP in dog platelets. Unlike human and murine platelets, protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4)-activating peptide AYPGKF failed to cause dog platelet aggregation. Moreover, PAR1-activating peptide SFLLRN or co-stimulation of SFLLRN and AYPGKF failed to induce dog platelet aggregation. We conclude that ADP induces platelet aggregation through the P2Y1 and P2Y12 receptors in dogs. Unlike human and murine platelets, selective activation of the PAR4 receptor may be insufficient to cause platelet aggregation in dog platelets.
Keywords: Platelets, Dogs, Thrombin, Protease-activated receptors, Adenosine diphosphate


© 2019 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.

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