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  • Combination of berberine and ciprofloxacin reduces multi-resistant Salmonella strain biofilm formation by depressing mRNA expressions of luxS, rpoE, and ompR

    Biofilm microstructure observations of Salmonella strains under scanning electron microscopy. (A) Non-treated multi-resistant Salmonella strain. (B) Non-treated CVCC528 strain. (C) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/2 × MIC concentration of CIP. (D) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/4 × MIC concentration of CIP. (E) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/2 × MIC concentration of berberine. (F) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/4 × MIC concentration of berberine. (G) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/2 ×FIC concentration of the berberine and CIP combination. (H) Multi-resistant Salmonella strain with a 1/4 × FIC concentration of the combination. MIC, minimal inhibition concentration; CIP, ciprofloxacin; FIC, fractional inhibitory concentration. Scale bars = 100 µm (A–H).

  • TGF-β1 upregulates the expression of hyaluronan synthase 2 and hyaluronan synthesis in culture models of equine articular chondrocytes

    Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) enhanced extracellular matrix synthesis as visible in scanning electron micrographs of scaffolds from three-dimensional cultures of equine articular chondrocytes. The acellular scaffold has a highly porous appearance. Cellular scaffolds were cultured in the absence (control) or presence of 10 ng/mL of TGF-β1 for 21 days. 35× (upper), 1,000× (bottom).

  • Molecular phylogenetic studies on clinical bovine piroplasmosis caused by benign Theileria in Shaanxi Province, China

    Giemsa-stained blood smear from an infected calf. The arrows point out different polymorphisms of Theileria orientalis.
    Scale bar = 10 µm.

  • Benefits of procyanidins on gut microbiota in Bama minipigs and implications in replacing antibiotics

    Prediction of bacterial metabolic function. (A) Comparison of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways predicted using phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) according to antibiotic or procyanidin treatment. (B) Venn diagram of the common functional groups. A, antibiotic group; P1, procyanidin-1 group; P2, procyanidin-2 group.

  • Neonatal influenza virus infection affects myelination in influenza-recovered mouse brain

    A stepwise image conversion process to calculate the G-ratio. (A) An original image was converted to a black and white image by applying a threshold that would only reveal myelin sheaths. Scale bar = 5 µm. (B) Image analysis software was then used to obtain the area of the myelin sheath. (C) The areas that were occupied by axons were filled manually. The entire area occupied by the myelin sheaths and axons was then obtained. (D) Schematic representation (of an axon and myelin sheath) of how the G-ratio is obtained. By deducting the area occupied by the myelin sheaths from the entire area occupied by both the myelin sheaths and axons, the radius of the axons (r) and the thickness of the myelin sheaths (R – r) were obtained. The G-ratio was obtained by using the following formula: G = r/R. (E) A graph showing the G-ratio for the hippocampus and cerebellum. *p < 0.05.

  • Novel reassortants of clade 2.3.4.4 H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses possessing genetic heterogeneity in South Korea in late 2017

    Schematic diagram of reassortment among clade 2.3.4.4b highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) in Eurasia. Each oval represents a viral isolate, within which the eight gene segments (from the top to the bottom: PB2, PB1, PA, HA, NP, NA, M, and NS) are indicated by horizontal bars. The color of each bar identifies its origin. The H5N8 B1 ancestor is indicated by light green. The original genes of the B0 ancestor are shown in gray. Other colors represent different Eurasian avian influenza lineages.

  • Comparison of two techniques for transpharyngeal endoscopic auditory tube diverticulotomy in the horse

    Computed tomographic images (transverse plane [A] and dorsal plane [B]; 2 mm standard window) of a horse head specimen following auditory tube diverticulotomy within the dorsal pharyngeal recess. Note communication between the nasopharynx and both left and right auditory tube diverticula (white arrows). The median septum is visible (black arrow).

e-submission

Online Review System

J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 725~864
Original Articles
Histological classification of canine ovarian cyst types with reference to medical history
Yvonne Knauf, Kernt Köhler, Sascha Knauf, Axel Wehrend
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 725-734  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.725 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
TGF-β1 upregulates the expression of hyaluronan synthase 2 and hyaluronan synthesis in culture models of equine articular chondrocytes
Siriwan Ongchai, Oraphan Somnoo, Patiwat Kongdang, Siriporn Peansukmanee, Siriwan Tangyuenyong
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 735-743  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.735 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Dapsone modulates lipopolysaccharide-activated bone marrow cells by inducing cell death and down-regulating tumor necrosis factor-α production
Min-Ji Kwon, Hong-Gu Joo
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 744-749  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.744 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Neonatal influenza virus infection affects myelination in influenza-recovered mouse brain
Jin Hee Kim, Ji Eun Yu, Byung-Joon Chang, Sang-Soep Nahm
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 750-758  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.750 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Hexon and fiber gene changes in an attenuated fowl adenovirus isolate from Malaysia in embryonated chicken eggs and its infectivity in chickens
Norfitriah M. Sohaimi, Mohd H. Bejo, Abdul R. Omar, Aini Ideris, Nurulfiza M. Isa
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 759-770  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.759 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Molecular prophage typing of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine mastitis
Dae-Sung Ko, Won-Jin Seong, Danil Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Nam-Hyung Kim, Chung-Young Lee, Jae-Hong Kim, Hyuk-Joon Kwon
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 771-781  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.771 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Genomic analysis of Sheldrake origin goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus, China
Chunhe Wan, Cuiteng Chen, Longfei Cheng, Rongchang Liu, Guanghua Fu, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Qiuling Fu, Yu Huang
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 782-787  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.782 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Synergistic effect of ribavirin and vaccine for protection during early infection stage of foot-and-mouth disease
Joo-Hyung Choi, Kwiwan Jeong, Su-Mi Kim, Mi-Kyeong Ko, Su-Hwa You, Young S. Lyoo, Byounghan Kim, Jin-Mo Ku, Jong-Hyeon Park
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 788-797  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.788 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Benefits of procyanidins on gut microbiota in Bama minipigs and implications in replacing antibiotics
Tingting Zhao, Xiaojuan Shen, Chang Dai, Li Cui
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 798-807  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.798 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Combination of berberine and ciprofloxacin reduces multi-resistant Salmonella strain biofilm formation by depressing mRNA expressions of luxS, rpoE, and ompR
Chenxi Shi, Minmin Li, Ishfaq Muhammad, Xin Ma, Yicong Chang, Rui Li, Changwen Li, Jingshan He, Fangping Liu
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 808-816  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.808 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Comparison of immunoadjuvant activities of four bursal peptides combined with H9N2 avian influenza virus vaccine
Cong Zhang, Jiangfei Zhou, Zhixin Liu, Yongqing Liu, Kairui Cai, Tengfei Shen, Chengshui Liao, Chen Wang
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 817-826  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.817 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Presurgical assessment of splenic tumors in dogs: a retrospective study of 57 cases (2012-2017)
Mokhyeon Lee, Jiyoung Park, Hojung Choi, Haebeom Lee, Seong Mok Jeong
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 827-834  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.827 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Comparison of two techniques for transpharyngeal endoscopic auditory tube diverticulotomy in the horse
Drew W. Koch, Jeremiah T. Easley, Brad B. Nelson, Jeremy J. Delcambre, Erin G. McCready, Eileen S. Hackett
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 835-839  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.835 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Ultrasonographic evaluation of skin thickness in small breed dogs with hyperadrenocorticism
Seonghun Heo, Taesung Hwang, Hee Chun Lee
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 840-845  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.840 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Short Communications
Molecular phylogenetic studies on clinical bovine piroplasmosis caused by benign Theileria in Shaanxi Province, China
Jing Wang, Jiyu Zhang, Zhen Zhu, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 846-849  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.846 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Novel reassortants of clade 2.3.4.4 H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses possessing genetic heterogeneity in South Korea in late 2017
Yu-Na Lee, Sun-Ha Cheon, Soo-Jeong Kye, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Mingeun Sagong, Gyeong-Beom Heo, Yong-Myung Kang, Hyun-Kyu Cho, Yong-Joo Kim, Hyun-Mi Kang, Myoung-Heon Lee, Youn-Jeong Lee
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 850-854  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.850 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
First detection and genetic characterization of porcine parvovirus 7 from Korean domestic pig farms
In-Ohk Ouh, Seyeon Park, Ju-Yeon Lee, Jae Young Song, In-Soo Cho, Hye-Ryung Kim, Choi-Kyu Park
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 855-857  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.855 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Case Reports
Freemartinism in replacement ewe-lambs of the Ripollesa sheep breed
Pilar Marí, Joaquim Casellas
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 858-861  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.858 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search
Ovarian teratoma removed by laparoscopic ovariectomy in a dog
Inês T. Tavares, Ramón R. Barreno, José P. Sales-Luís, Carlo G. Vaudano
J Vet Sci 2018; 19(6): 862-864  https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2018.19.6.862 PDF Full-text PubMed Google Scholar Search

December 4, 2018
Characterization of distinct mechanism of agonist-induced canine platelet activation
Preeti Kumari Chaudhary, Soochong Kim*
Received: October 1, 2018; Revised: November 21, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018
PDF
Genotyping of Coxiella burnetii strains detected in cattle from a nationwide survey in Korea
Yo-Han Kim,, Doo Kim
Received: August 27, 2018; Revised: November 2, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018
PDF
Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017
Viviana Manzulli, Antonio Fasanella, Antonio Parisi, Luigina Serrecchia, Adelia Donatiello, Valeria Rondinone, Marta Caruso, Sabine Zange, Alina Tscherne, Nicola Decaro, Carmine Pedarra, Domenico Galante
Received: August 20, 2018; Revised: November 10, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018
PDF
Genome-wide association study of degenerative mitral valve disease in Maltese dogs
Chang-Min Lee, Doo-won Song, Woong-bin Ro, Min-Hee Kang, Hee-Myung Park
Received: August 16, 2018; Revised: November 13, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018
PDF
Effects of irradiation and leukoreduction on down regulation of CXCL-8 and storage lesion in stored canine whole blood
Hayoung Yang, Woosun Kim, Junwoo Bae, Hyunwoo Kim, Sangki Kim, Jihye Choi, Jinho Park, Dong-In Jung, Hongbum Koh, DoHyeon Yu
Received: August 1, 2018; Revised: November 27, 2018; Accepted: November 30, 2018
PDF
November 26, 2018
Genetic identification of astroviruses in wild boars
Stefan Vilcek, Slavomira Salamunova, Anna Jackova
Received: October 10, 2018; Revised: November 8, 2018; Accepted: November 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
Correlation of spontaneous adipocyte generation with osteogenic differentiation of porcine skin-derived stem cells
Hyo-Kyung Bae, Bae-Dong Jung, Seunghyung Lee, Choon-Keun Park, Boo-Keun Yang, Hee-Tae Cheong
Received: September 18, 2018; Revised: October 18, 2018; Accepted: November 6, 2018
PDF PubMed
Iodixanol supplementation during sperm cryopreservation improves protamine level and reduces reactive oxygen species of canine sperm
Dimas Arya Abdillah, Setyawan EMN, Min Jung Kim, Hyun Ju Oh, Seok Hee Lee, Kihae Ra, Byeong Chun Lee
Received: September 10, 2018; Revised: November 8, 2018; Accepted: November 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
Molecular epidemiology of sequence type 33 of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O91:H14 isolates from human patients and retail meats in Korea
Jun Bong Lee, Se-Kye Kim, Seon Mi Wi, Young-Jae Cho, Tae-Wook Hahn, Jae-yon Yu, Sungsun Kim, Sahyun Hong, Jonghyun Kim,*, Jang Won Yoon
Received: August 31, 2018; Revised: October 9, 2018; Accepted: October 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
Corneoconjunctival manifestations of lymphoma in three dogs
Seonmi Kang, Manbok Jeong, Kangmoon Seo
Received: August 24, 2018; Revised: September 29, 2018; Accepted: October 10, 2018
PDF PubMed
High-content analysis of in vitro hepatocyte injury induced by various hepatotoxicants
Nga Thi Thu Tham, So-Ryeon Hwang, Ji-Hyun Bang, Hee Yi, Young-Il Park, Seok-Jin Kang, Hwan-Goo Kang, Yong-Sang Kim, Hyun-Ok Ku
Received: August 10, 2018; Revised: October 18, 2018; Accepted: October 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
Prevalence of O-serogroups, virulence genes and F18 antigenic variants in Escherichia coli isolated from weaned piglets with diarrhea in Korea during 2008-2016
Kyung-Hyo Do, Jae-Won Byun, Wan-Kyu Lee
Received: August 6, 2018; Revised: October 1, 2018; Accepted: October 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
The development of oligonucleotide microarray for simultaneous detection of two canine MDR1 genotypes and the association with chemotherapy side effects
Jih-Jong Lee, Han-You Lin, Chun-An Chen, Chen-Si Lin, Lih-Chiann Wang
Received: July 17, 2018; Revised: September 30, 2018; Accepted: November 6, 2018
PDF PubMed
Expression of polo-like kinase 1 in pre-implantation-stage murine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos
Jeonghyeon Moon, Sangho Roh
Received: May 15, 2018; Revised: October 23, 2018; Accepted: November 6, 2018
PDF PubMed
Novel application of Influenza A virus inoculated chorioallantoic membrane to characterize a nucleoprotein specific monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemistry assay
Yang-chang Tu, Kuang-yu Chen, Chung-kung Chen, Ming-chu Cheng, Shu-hwae Lee, Ivan-chen Cheng
Received: April 30, 2018; Revised: October 15, 2018; Accepted: November 18, 2018
PDF PubMed
October 8, 2018
WITHDRAWN: Detection of digital and interdigital dermatitis in Holstein Frisian dairy cows by means of infrared thermography
Giuseppe Piccione, Francesca Arfuso, Errico Fiore, Elisabetta Giudice, Massimo Morgante, Sonia Giambelluca, Matteo Gianesella
Received: June 1, 2018; Revised: August 27, 2018; Accepted: September 3, 2018
PubMed
August 30, 2018
WITHDRAWN: Correlation of SPINK1 gene polymorphisms in canine pancreatitis
Ming-Huei Fan, Shih-Jen Chou, Zhi-Jia Zheng, Jui-Te Wu, Kun-Wei Chan
Received: April 3, 2018; Revised: July 5, 2018; Accepted: July 30, 2018
PubMed
August 10, 2016
Retraction: Expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in porcine endometrium and placenta
Juzuo Zhang, Junfei Xu, Qing Yang, Anwen Yuan, Lisha Yang, Liqun Xue
Received: October 5, 2015; Revised: April 25, 2016; Accepted: July 21, 2016
PubMed
January 28, 2013
Retraction: Exercise-induced alterations in serum myeloperoxidase in Standardbreds
Katrin Haberkamp, Angelika Bondzio, Gisela Arndt, Ralf Einspanier, Bianca Carstanjen
Received: June 1, 2012; Revised: October 15, 2012; Accepted: October 23, 2012
PubMed