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JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE 10(1): 85~87

Prevalence of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae in cats and dogs in Korea
You-seok Kim1, Kyoung-won Seo1, Jong-hwa Lee1, Eun-wha Choi3, Hee-woo Lee2, Cheol-yong Hwang1, Nam-shik Shin2, Hee-jeong Youn2,*, Hwa Young Youn1,*
1Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, and 2KRF Priority Zoonotic Disease Research Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea, 3Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul 135-710, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Blood, saliva, and nail samples were collected from 54 dogs and 151 cats and analyzed for the presence of Bartonella henselae with a novel nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Bartonella (B.) henselae was detected in feral cat blood (41.8%), saliva (44.1%), and nail (42.7%) samples. B. henselae was also detected in pet cat blood (33.3%), saliva (43.5%), and nail (29.5%) samples and in pet dog blood (16.6%), saliva (18.5%), and nail (29.6%) samples. Nine samples were infected with B. clarridgeiae and 2 were co-infected with B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae of blood samples of dogs. This report is the first to investigate the prevalence of B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae in dogs and cats in Korea, and suggests that dogs and cats may serve as potential Bartonella reservoirs.
Keyword : Bartonella, cats, cat-scratch disease, dogs, Korea